Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that have the unique potential of regeneration and differentiation into various types of cells. They act like a repair system replacing cells and tissue lost due to injury or disease. Stem cells can be injected into areas of tissue damage to enhance healing and regenerate tissue. In orthopedics, stem cells are used to treat degenerative conditions of the shoulder, knees, hips, and spine.
Stem cells are commonly derived from the bone marrow which is aspirated from your hip bone. This is concentrated in a centrifuge to form bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC). The BMAC is then injected into the site of injury to stimulate healing.
The benefits of stem cell treatment include:
- No rejection because the stem cells are taken from your own body
- Promotes natural healing of the damaged tissues
- May provide an effective alternative therapy to surgery in some cases
- Is not associated with the potential risks and complications of surgery